European Border and Coast Guard: Need to strengthen rights safeguards at EU border agency. Fundamental rights protection overall at the EU border agency needs strengthening as its mandate and tasks increase, finds the latest Opinion from the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights.
In light of this, the European Parliament asked FRA for its Opinion on the fundamental rights implications of the revisions. Overall, FRA finds that fundamental rights protection could be stronger.
For example, the role of the existing Fundamental Rights Officer should be enhanced. The complaints process also should be strengthened to make it more effective. For example, the Fundamental Rights Officer should be able to make complaints and report annually on the effectiveness of the process.
Deadlines for follow-up to complaints should also be imposed. In addition, the Opinion points to a need to reduce fundamental rights risks when supporting returns.
It suggests involving international bodies in governing the monitoring of forced return operations and including officers with child protection expertise in return teams. The Opinion underlines the need to independently monitor returns as the Agency cannot carry out returns and monitor Personal slar larm allvarliga brister. The Commission proposal of September 12, repeals the mandate and replaces it in its entirety with a new text.
ECRE's comments provide an analysis of the proposal as well as a number of key observations and recommendations to the Commission. While the proposed changes to the EBCG mandate significant, they do not fundamentally overhaul the core functions of the Agency but expands its tasks, competencies, budget and technical resources to unprecedented levels; a proposed massive budget increase to 12 billion euros up from 5.
The Commission sees a pivotal role of the EBCG Agency to be to increase the numbers of migrants effectively removed from EU territory, for which it proposes to bolster its powers and resources to coordinate and initiate return operations and seek the cooperation of third countries.
Meanwhile the proposal on the European Union Asylum Agency EU AA sets out that both agencies should cooperate by way of the deployment of migration management support teams at hotspots and controlled centres.
This paper looks into the increased capacities, tasks and competences of Frontex the European Border and Coast Guard Personal slar larm allvarliga bristerbrought about by the legislative reform. We examine whether this development was accompanied by an accountability regime of equal strength. The existing accountability mechanisms are measured against the standards of European Union EU primary and secondary law.
The paper assesses the political, administrative, professional and social accountability of Frontex, including parliamentary oversight and the newly introduced individual complaints mechanism. The final part of the paper focuses on legal accountability, a strong, yet highly complex, form of accountability. There, we introduce the concept of systemic accountability and investigate possible courses of legal action against Frontex. In sum, Frontex is subject to moderately increased scrutiny under its renewed founding Regulation and to various EU accountability mechanisms of general application.
But several procedural and practical hurdles could render legal accountability difficult to achieve in practice. The unrestrained race to strengthen Frontex at the expense of fundamental rights. Regardless of the criticisms concerning rights violations inherent in its "Personal slar larm allvarliga brister," the agency is in the process of acquiring executive powers as well as gaining an increased role in migrants from Member States and non-European countries.
The Frontexit collective reiterates its very strong concerns about this new reform and calls on the Member States and members of European Parliament to reject this legislative race, which symbolises the obsession with border control to the detriment of the rights of The European
Personal slar larm allvarliga brister proposes to increase Frontex's staff to 10, by and its budget to 1.
Faced with the doubling of the number of people expelled by the EU between andgiven the weak or non-existent political control mechanisms no activities outside the EU are under the control of the European Parliament and the ineffective responses to rights violations, this reform will be yet another danger to the already few Personal slar larm allvarliga brister of migrants.
Recent Developments publication as of September This in-depth analysis discusses key initiatives put forward by the EU in order to respond to migratory challenges, focusing on three major aspects: The paper builds on previous research and
Personal slar larm allvarliga brister delivered by the EPRS. The paper discuss the improvement of the management of the external borders through a better use of IT systems. Further, it underlines the need to provide more legal pathways to Europe for people in need of international protection, through resettlement measures and migration compacts.
Moreover, it addresses the various EU funding instruments that support migration-related projects in third countries, particularly in key countries of origin and transit such as Syria, Iraq, Turkey and African countries. The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights FRA published a report on the human rights implications of proposals for interoperability of different information databases in the area of home affairs by supporting that while it can contribute to better decision-making and more efficient detection of missing children, data protection safeguards are needed to shield individuals against human rights violations.
UNHCR's "Projected Global Resettlement Needs in " report reveals a widening gap between the number of refugees in need of resettlement and the places made available by governments around the world. According to the report, 1. Sveriges Radio Ekot Proposals to further strenghten the fight against migrant smuggling.
During the subsequent thematic discussion on migrant smuggling, Europol was requested to prepare a short presentation with proposals how to further strengthen the fight against migrant smuggling. This roadmap should facilitate the Personal slar larm allvarliga brister integration of JHA Agencies into the EU security architecture within their respective mandates and improve their capabilities to support Member States to tackle the internal security aspects of migration.
While the protection of the external borders of the EU is very important, at the same time more attention needs to be paid to the criminal business behind migrant smuggling. Europol will use its capabilities to support MS operations, under the EU Policy Cycle for organised and serious international crime and beyond, to integrate and cross-check available criminal intelligence in a structured way, to ensure a timely and secure information exchange and continuously monitor the threat picture.
Frontex Annual Activity Report Protecting the EU external borders, including through the European Border and Coast Guard, is a key pillar of the EU agenda on migration and represented the first complete year of implementation of the European Border and Coast Guard Regulation. At regular intervals throughoutthe European Commission published Communications on the operationalisation of the European Border and Coast Guard in order to report on progress achieved.
The Communications focused on the significant progress achieved in the stated implementation priorities, namely:. European states must put human rights at the centre of their migration policies. And it has caused immense suffering and hardship to thousands of people who sought our protection. It is time that European states put the human rights of migrants, asylum seekers and refugees, Personal slar larm allvarliga brister well as the principle of responsibility sharing, at the centre of their migration and asylum policies.
The recent adoption of European Council conclusions, as well as decisions at national levels, raise a number of concerns that European states must address in order to meet the obligations under international human rights law which they have undertaken to respect. First of all, any approach to migration in the Mediterranean should ensure a sufficiently resourced and fully operational system for saving human lives at sea.
Recent tragedies resulting in hundreds of lost lives should remind us of the urgency to act. In this context, non-governmental organisations NGOs play a crucial role and should be free to use ports and other facilities for rescue operations and for helping migrants.
Regrettably, a number of Council of Europe member states are hindering the work of NGOs, which imperils the lives of many people. When member states coordinate rescue operations they should make full use of the available search and rescue capacities, including that of NGO vessels. Coordinating authorities should ensure instructions given in the course of rescue operations fully respect the human rights of rescued migrants, including by preventing them from being put in situations where their right to life would be threatened, or where they would be subjected to torture, inhuman or degrading treatment, or to arbitrary deprivation of their liberty.
In particular, we have addressed the latest developments on increasing irregular migration in some parts of the region and operational measures how to address them. Furthermore, building on the priorities of the Western Balkan Strategy, we have also discussed on-going work in the areas of migration, security, border management and visa policy, also in the context of the upcoming EU-Western Balkans Home Affairs Ministerial taking place on October in Tirana.
We agreed that ensuring effective border management, fighting smuggling, and joint efforts to stem irregular migratory flows and prevent a new migration crisis remain top priorities for both the EU and the Western Balkans. All Western Balkan partners recognise the importance of further enhancing cooperation, with the support of the EU, in addressing irregular migration risks and commit Personal slar larm allvarliga brister continue working together in the coming months to better monitor, register and exchange information on migratory flows, increase cooperation on border management, enforce and step up returns and readmissions, and to increase efforts to dismantle smugglers and organised crime groups.
Follow-up and intensified efforts will continue within the framework of the existing strands of work on the migration routes in the Western Balkans. European Agenda on Migration: Still Personal slar larm allvarliga brister situation gives no cause for complacency. The Commission is today reporting on progress made under the European Agenda on Migration and the Commission's roadmap from Decemberand is setting out further key actions to be taken. While joint efforts have continued to show results, the situation remains fragile due to ongoing migratory pressure, as evidenced by newly increased arrivals along the Eastern and the Western Mediterranean routes.
This requires the EU as a whole to show the necessary vigilance and preparedness to respond to any seasonal peaks or shifts in pressure, including from one route to another. Today's report identifies where the current response needs to be strengthened: Immigration liaison officers network: Commission proposes EU-level coordination. The European Commission has proposed introducing EU-level coordination of the existing network of immigration liaison officers ILOsmade up of some national officials who work in non-EU countries to gather information and intelligence with the aim of "preventing and combating of illegal immigration, facilitating the return of illegal immigrants and managing legal migration.
The proposal was announced alongside the latest progress report on the European Agenda on Migration and its main aims are the following:. Commission upgrades the Visa Information System to secure the external borders. The Commission is today proposing to upgrade the Visa Information System VISthe database containing information on
Personal slar larm allvarliga brister applying for Schengen visas, in order to better respond to evolving security and migratory challenges and improve the EU's external border management.
The proposed changes will allow for more thorough background checks on visa applicants; close security information gaps through better information exchange between Member States; and ensure full interoperability with other EU-wide databases. Today's proposal expands the scope of the VIS Personal slar larm allvarliga brister notably by adding long stay-visas and residence permits to the system - in full respect of data protection rules, to ensure that these authorities have the information they need, when they need it.
The proposal is the second step of the reform of the common EU visa policy and follows the amendments to the Visa Code, presented by the Commission in March EU-Western Balkans Summit concludes with a focus on stemming migration. The talks concluded with the Sofia Declaration, which established further cooperation in a number of areas, including migration where the emphasis was on stemming illegal migration - leaving out any references to rights or protection.
ECRE, alongside "Personal slar larm allvarliga brister" other organisations, released a joint statement ahead of the summit calling on EU Heads of State and their West Balkans counterparts to address several key concerns and recommendations.
These include; respect for the right to claim asylum; humane border management and support for victims of trafficking; safe and regular pathways; funding for humane and fair asylum systems and integration; protect civil society organisations working with refugees. However, the declaration fails to address refugees, the right to international protection, or human rights for migrants. Article 10 of the declaration reads, "The EU and the Western Balkans partners share many security challenges that demand coordinated individual and collective action.
When we work together, we are able to address these challenges effectively.
Our cooperation in stemming illegal migration flows has demonstrated its value and will be developed further. The emergence of the Balkan route in is a clear reminder of the region's importance to the EU, particularly with regards to border control. Yet security has come at the expense of human rights and at times lives of those attempting to reach Europe, such as the case of Medina Husseini, the 6 year old girl who died after her family was pushed back at the Serbia-Croatia border. Frontex condemned by its own fundamental rights body, failing to live up to obligations.
Frontex, the EU's border agency, has been heavily criticised for failing to provide adequate staff and resources to its own Fundamental Rights Office, a problem that "seriously hinders the Agency's ability to deliver on its fundamental rights obligations. The criticisms come in a report from the Consultative Forum on Fundamental Rights, an independent advisory body made up of experts from other EU agencies, international organisations and NGOs.
As well as noting an ongoing "reluctance" to provide the Fundamental Rights Office with "sufficiently qualified staff," the Consultative Forum report raises concerns Personal slar larm allvarliga brister Frontex's role at "Personal slar larm allvarliga brister" Serbian-Hungarian border, a failure to update and effectively implement codes of conduct and a complaints mechanism, and the lack of independent monitoring of forced return operations coordinated by the agency.
While the Consultative "Personal slar larm allvarliga brister" exists to provide "independent advice" to Frontex's executive director and management board and is staffed voluntarily, the Fundamental Rights Officer is a Frontex official tasked with "contributing to the Agency's fundamental rights strategy The Officer has to oversee a large organisation - Frontex foresaw pdf having staff at the end ofand by the end of this year - yet "lacks the minimum capacity to carry outs its role," according to the Consultative Forum, with just four staff working alongside the officer and one member of secretarial staff.
The report states that "the lack of adequate staffing seriously hinders the Agency's ability to deliver on its fundamental rights obligations including on key areas such as Frontex operational activities, the newly established complaints mechanism or the protection of children.
Fundamental rights and the EU Hotspot approach. Refugees and asylum
Personal slar larm allvarliga brister experience a broad range of rights violations when they arrive to the so-called hotspots in Italy and Greece. Gaps in information, lack of legal assistance, under-identification of vulnerable persons, restricted freedom of movement and de facto detention.
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